KOCUMBELI (METU Museum)


600 metres to the south of the Yalincak village, on the outskirts of mountains, the excavation of the Kocumbeli settlement began in 1964 by Burhan Tezcan. Kocumbeli is known to have three separate cultural settlements in the Early Bronze Age (2500-2300 B.C.).

Kocumbeli homes were made in groups; they were of a rectangular shape with an elliptical plan and erected on large stone foundations with sundried bricks. These single storey dwellings' roofs were supported by wooden pillars. The area where the houses are located is encircled with a city wall.

The findings at Kocumbeli are more suited to daily use, such as pots and vessels, stone and bone tools, idols, figurines, spindle whorls and stamping items. These findings reflect the Early Bronze Age's socio-economic structure. Kocumbeli's economic foundation rested on animal farming and textiles. Many of the idols found are that of women which indicates that since Anatolian soils have been settled, various cultures have embraced the cult of Mother Goddess just like the settlement of Kocumbeli.

A grave in the form of a round pit with a stone lid was also found. In the grave various burial gifts, such as metal spear heads and a large nail were found. Two gold ear plugs were also found in the grave.


Copyright © 2005 Focusmm.com. All Rights Reserved.