POLITICAL SYSTEM in MOROCCO


The Kingdom of Morocco is an Islamic, Democratic and Social Constitutional Monarchy. It is an African country and belongs to the Maghreb region. Since the enthronement of His Majesty King Hassan II in 1961, Morocco has played a dynamic role in major international and regional organizations (The United nations, the Arab Maghreb Union, The Arab League, the Al Qods committee etc.)

The Constitution: the 1972 Moroccan Constitution, revised on September 4, 1992, guarantees : the freedom of movement, equal rights to education and to employment, multiple political parties, the right to strike and the respect of human rights as they are universally recognized.


THE GOVERNMENT

The Executive Branch: - The Ring is the Head of State and the Spiritual Leader of the Nation. He appoints the Prime Minister, promulgates the laws and is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.

The Government is composed of a Prime Minister and a Cabinet of Ministers (appointed by the King upon proposition of the Prime Minister). It is responsible to the King and the House of Representatives. It enacts the laws and oversees the bureaucracy.

The Legislative Branch
The Legislative branch consists of a Parliament elected for 6 years. There are 333 deputies including 2 women. Two-thirds of the members are elected by universal direct suffrage and one-third by indirect vote (municipal, labor and professional electoral college).

The Judiciary Branch
The Judiciary authority is independent from the Legislative and the Executive branches.

The judges are nominated by the King upon the proposal of the Higher Judiciary Council.


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