MUSEUMS In IZMIR


The Archaeological Museum, near Konak Square, houses a superb collection of antiquities including the statues of Poseidon and Demeter which, in ancient times, stood in the Agora.

Neighboring the Archaeological Museum, the collection of the Ethnographical Museum contains folkloric artifacts, among which are a fine collection of Bergama and Gordes carpets, traditional costumes and camel bridles.

Situated on Ataturk Caddesi, in an old Izmir house used by the founder of the Turkish Republic, the Ataturk Museum exhibits photographs of the leader as well as some of his personal effects.

The Selcuk Yasar Art Museum is a private museum on Cumhuriyet Bulvari with a collection of 20th century Turkish art.

The Natural History Museum in Bornova attracts as a natural reserve of the Aegean Region landscapes' historical preservation.


HISTORICAL SITES


The excavations at Bayrakli have unearthed a temple dedicated to Athena, and the wall of the lonian city which flourished here between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C. Pottery dating to the third millennium B.C. has also been uncovered.

On Kadifekale, Mt.Pages, stands the impressive ruins of a castle and its walls, built by Lysimachus in the reign of Alexander the Great, which still dominate Izmir today. The castle offers an excellent vantage point to enjoy the magnificent view over the Gulf of Izmir.

The Agora, or marketplace, in the Namazgah Quarter was originally constructed during the rule of Alexander the Great. What remains today, however, dates from the rebuilding under Marcus Aurelius after a devastating earthquake in 178 A.D.

The Sirinyer and Yesildere Aqueducts, two examples of Roman engineering which span the Meles River, supplied Izmir's water throughout the Byzantine and Ottoman eras.

An 18th-century Ottoman inn, the Kizlaragasi Han, a fine example of the architecture of the period, is being restored to its former glory.

The symbol of Izmir, the Saat Kulesi, or Clock Tower, stands in Konak Square - the heart of the city. A gift from the Sultan Abdulhamid, and built in 1901, it is decorated in an elaborate, late-Ottoman style.

Recently-restored old houses fill the old Asansor quarter, also known as the Jewish quarter. In this guarter, Dario Moreno Sokagi is the main pedestrian street to the Asansor, an elevator from the 19th century which is fifty-one meters in height, and provides access between the lower and upper streets. If you find yourself on Havra Sokak in Kemeralti, notice the old buildings and synagogues.


MONUMENTS


In the centre of Cumhuriyet Meydani, or Republic Square, stands the Ataturk Monument, an impressive statue of Ataturk sitting on a horse and facing the sea. Erected in 1933 the Monument commemorates the liberation of the city by Turkish Forces.

Standing in Karsiyaka, The Flying Dolphins is a Monument that symbolizes friendship and brotherhood.


MOSQUES


Hisar Mosque is the largest and oldest in Izmir. Built in the 16th century, with restorations in the 19th century, it has a delightful interior with an interesting mimber (pulpit) and mihrab( altar). Other mosques in Izmir are Salepcioglu (20th century), Sadirvan (17th century with 19th-century restorations) and Kemeralti (17th century); all are situated close to the Kemeralti Quarter.



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