STEREA ELLADA


Map of Sterea Ellada

Between the gulfs of Euboea and Corinth is the first district Boeotia, with picturesque villages, beautiful beaches, mountains, and lots of life.

The capital Livadia, built amphitheatrically up the foothills of Mt. Helikon, was famous in antiquity for the oracle of Trophonios Zeus and the two Springs of Forgetfulness (Lethe) and Memory (Mnemosyne), to the north of town.

Heronia is a village with significant archaeological interest, with the famous statue of the Lion of Heronia. Green Orhomenos, a town on the plain with lots of running water and Platees, famous as the site where the Greeks won a fabulous victory against the Persians, Lefktra, Tanagra, and Ancient Avlida, as well as the wonderful beaches of Distomo at Antikira, Agios Isidoros, Vathi Avlidas, Pharos, and Sarantis.

Arahova is a mountain town hanging on to the Parnassos slopes, with an intensely traditional flavour, picturesque houses, and the Byzantine monastery of Ossios Loukas to the east of it. Thiva is a modern town built in fertile plain, with archaeological significance (ancient Thebes) and Byzantine churches.

Imposing mountains, beautiful deserted beaches or cosmopolitan resorts and mountain villages swamped by plane and acorn trees, are to be found in the district of Fthiotida. The commercially busy district capital, Lamia, is built on the pine-wooded southwestern slopes of Mt Othrys, close to the river Sperhios.

Sacred way at Delphi To the southeast of Lamia is Thermopiles known since antiquity for its spas and the last stand of three hundred Spartans against a horde.

Further south is Kamena Vourla, among the most popular spas, and the seaside towns of Agios Konstantinos and Arkitsa. There are special sandy beaches at Livanates.

Atalanti is a commerciai and agricultural centre.To the west of it are the wooded areas Elatia, Tithorea and Amphiklia which have archaeological interest.

Ipati is built on the slopes of Mt. Iti among plane. cypress, and oak trees of the Ipati National Forest. One of Greece's most important spas, the Loutra Ipatis is located here as is the Agathonos monastery.

Lost among the trees, the villages of Mt Iti, such as Pavliani shelter from the summer heat in their shade. In the Sperhios valley Makrakomi is today a transport hub and a commercial centre.

Spas at Platistomo, west of Lamia, as well, while to the north Domokos calmly gazes upon the plain of Thessaly before the road leads to Stilida, to Karavomilos and to the coasts of Pelasgia and Glifa.

Fokida is coloured by the siIver-green of olive groves and the gold of tiny beaches. The picturesque capital Amtissa is built among peaks and crowned by the Frankish castle, itself surrounded by olive trees.

The famous oracle of Apollo is at Delphi, perched on the sides of Mt. Parnassos.

Closer to the coast, just before Itea, is the picturesque little village of Hrisso, full of plane trees and running water. Seaside Itea has beaches that are perfect for swimming. Further on is scenic Galaxidi, the traditional Rumeliot port, in other times a famous maritime and ship-building centre. To the west is Eratini, Agios Nikolaos, Spilia, and Glifada. Opposite are the islets of Trizonia, Agios loanis and Prassoudi.

Makrinitsa The spectacular countryside of Evritania enchants anyone who approaches it. The healthy climate, the forested slopes, and the countless streams give the impression of heaven on Earth. Karpenissi, the district capital is built on the foothills of Mt. Timfristos, at an altitude of 960 metres. Among the plane, fir, and chestnut trees, Karpenissi is ideal for winter vacations and an alternative proposal for the summer, when it can be a springboard for excursions to nearby places, such as Gorgianades, Kefalovrisso, and the traditional village Korischades, whose stone houses are in good repair. A small fir tree forest and gardens with apple, cherry, and pear trees in Mikro Horio, On the slope of Kaliakouda, opposite Helidona, is Megalo Horio. Proussos is at an altitude of 800 metres and east of Karpenissi is Krikelo close to Kokalia a historic location among the fir trees just before Domnitsa itself a village of many chapels located in enchanting surroundings.

West of Karpenissi are Fragista, Granitsa, and Agrafa, lovely mountain villages, which disappear in winter under a thick blanket of snow.

Etoloakamania is the last district of Sterea Ellada. The capital Messolongi, wrote a heroic page of modern Greek history when fighters in the besieged city broke out of it during the Greek War of Independence (1821-1830). To the east is the third large city of the district, Nafpaktos which charms visitors with its beautiful Venetian castle and old port. The road from here moves into mountainous Nafpaktos, which boasts Greece's largest fir tree forest and plenty of tiny villages lost in the woods at altitudes from 700 to 1,000 metres. The little island of Etoliko is joined to the mainland by a multi-arched stone bridge. Agrinio is to the north of Messolongi; it is an important production centre with good tourism infrastructure. The picturesque town of Astakos, amphitheatrically built around the gulf of the same name, is a splendid resort. White sand graces the endless beaches at Agios Giorgis, at Asprogiali, and at Vela, all perfect for quiet and special holidays.

The coastal road leads to Mitikas and from there opposite to the islets of Kalamos and Kastos. Further north is Aktio with its Venetian castle, seaside Vonitsa, and Amfilohia, amphitheatrically situated on the slopes of two hills, looking towards Arta.



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