THE ANCIENT AGORA of ATHENS


THE THESEION - HEPHAISTEION

Theseion of Athens Despite its name, it was not a temple dedicated to Theseus but to the god Hephaistos and the goddess Athena. Situated at the western edge of the Agora, it is today the best preserved temple of ancient times. Built in 449 B.C., it housed the statues of Hephaistos and Athena sculpted by Alkamenes.


THE MONUMENT OF THE EPONYMOUS HEROES

The statues of the ten heroes after whom the 10 tribes of Attica were named (4th century B.C.) were placed here. It was a highly frequented place. All public announcements were posted on the pedestals of those statues.


THE POIKILE STOA

It is believed that it owes its name to the murals that decorated its walls. (Poikile: diverse, so presumably the murals were of diverse colours and themes). Here Zenon expounded his Stoic philosophy, which got its name from the Poikile Stoa (460 B.C.).

THE ROMAN AGORA

The Roman Agora was a single architectural complex consisting of a vast rectangular court surrounded by colonnades. Its arcades used to house various shops. To the north of the building was situated the library built by Hadrian. To the east, you can see the Tower of the Winds. Built in the ist century B.C., this octagonal structure served as a water-clock, compass and weather-vane.


THE STOA OF ATTALOS

This two-storey building, a donation of Attalos III, King of Pergamon (159 -138 B.C.), to the city of Athens, is believed to have been a kind of ancient shopping centre housing 21 shops on each of its floors. The Museum's collection is very important as it consists mainly of items of everyday use which were found during the excavations of the ancient Agora. Thus the visitor has the chance to get a glimpse of everyday life in ancient Athens.


THE BASILEIOS STOA

Situated at the foot of the Theseion and built in 460 B.C., it was the seat of the Archon Vasileus and of the Areies Pagos council.



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