The view of the new tourist resort and the museum buildings next to the town match to the surrounding landscape. Whole area is covered with strange and unique land formations. The sudden slopes of colorful gorges, the so-called fairy chimneys, natural and human-made caves give a super-natural character to the environment.
The fairy-chimneys are in fact tall pinnacles made of tuff with a large rock sitting on the top. They were established through the geological movements and the erosion due to the atmospheric conditions.
There are a number of early Christian churches, monasteries and chapels carved out of this volcanic tuff material in the surroundings. The town is known to be the residence to the bishops, during the Middle Ages.