THE HARBOUR (Ephesus)
The rise and the fall of the Ephesus came by the sea. By being the most important port city of Anatolia, the city had reached its peak as a commercial city.
The river Kaystros (Kucuk Menderes) filled up the small port of Ephesus with aluvion throughout the centuries. After a long time of struggle with disappearing port, the citizens of Ephesus gave up. The city is 5 kms. away from the sea shore now.
The last attempts to stop the filling up of the port by the river were made during the 2nd century A.D. They were all unsuccessful. This caused the city to loose its trade links to the other cities by the sea. And it was the beginning of the end for the city of Ephesus.
The swamp area that you see, starting just after the end of Hadrianus Way (Harbour Road) was where the port existed centuries ago.
Look at more ANCIENT CITIES OF ANATOLIA