THE SKOLASTIKIA BATH (Ephesus)
The first construction of Skolastikia Bath goes to the 1st century A.D. It was originally a Roman structure. The remains that we see today were from the 4th century A.D. The main architectural style of the modified structure is very similar to the original form. The 4th century renovations and modifications were known to be made by a Christian woman named Skolastikia.
There were three different sections in the bath, as in any other Roman bath, frigidarium (cold bath), tepidarium (warm bath) and caldarium (hot bath).
The bath was located on the famous Curettes Road. There were two entrances; one was from the Curettes Road with three columns still standing and the other one was from a side street which was joining to the Curettes Road perpendicularly. There is a statue of Skolastikia on the front wall standing on a pedestal but the head is missing.
The bath which is placed next to the Traian Fountain is the largest building among the similar baths. It was a three storey building. The third floor did not last till today. The bath sections and the pools were in the bottom floor. The hot sections were heated with hot air and water coming through ceramic pipes, a technique used by the other baths as well. The hot water, steam and the cold water to the different sections of the bath were carried mainly under the floor or inside the walls.
We understand from the remaining inscriptions, there was a love house inside the bath. It was a fairly large size love house with separate women's sections and guests' dining sections.
In most of the building the floors were covered with mosaic and marble.
The use of the bath diminished throughout the middle ages. During the Seljuk and Ottoman periods, the bath was renovated again and put into use.
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